Dog drooling: causes and solutions

A drooling dog is not necessarily a problem. Hypersalivation is natural in some dog breeds. That said, if excessive drooling is not usual for your companion, and he starts doing it suddenly and for no apparent reason, consider consulting anyway.

If drooling can be a natural reaction specific to certain dog breeds, it can also be a symptom of a more or less serious illness.
Does your dog drool? Find out the causes and possible solutions.

Drooling Dog – Possible Natural Causes

As said before, hypersalivation can have several causes. It can be a natural reaction, a physical characteristic, but it can also be the consequence of an underlying disease.

Drooling Dog – A Physical Trait

You’d be surprised to learn that there is a breed of dog for which “drooling” is a physical characteristicand therefore “natural”.

This is the case, for example, of dogs belonging to the category of “brachycephalic”. Generally with a flattened face, accompanied by a wide jaw, a fairly long tongue and a voluminous palate, they often have difficulty swallowing their saliva. Which explains why they drool excessively.

Therefore, if you don’t want to end up with an animal that drools all over the place, avoid Saint Bernards, French Bulldogs, Danes and Dogues de Bordeaux. Drooling, and lots of it, is second nature to them.

Dog de Bordeaux: breed of dog that drools

Drooling Dog – A Physiological Reaction

Drooling can also be a physiological reaction, and therefore again, completely natural. Have you noticed that your pet tends to drool when faced with food? Just as we salivate when we have a delicious dish in front of us, dogs too can secrete excessive saliva. when he is hungry or when he has an appetizing dish in front of him.

It is also normal for dogs to drool when excited. You will notice excessive salivation when he is playing, or when he is in “hunter” mode. In other words, when he starts chasing potential prey.

Dog drooling – Pathological causes

We can distinguish two types of hypersalivation, due to diseases, in dogs:

  • true ptyalism which is characterized by excessive secretion of saliva.
  • Pseudoptyalism which is characterized by difficulty in eliminating normally secreted saliva. This leads to a significant and abnormal salivary flow.

Possible causes of true ptyalism

Several causes can lead to excessive secretion of saliva, starting with nausea. When your dog does indeed want to vomit, he begins to secrete more saliva, which can – at some point when the secretions become too heavy – force him to drool.

Ptyalism can also be caused by inflammation or lesion in the mouth or pharynx : presence of a foreign body, ingestion of irritating or toxic products, insect bite, etc.

And finally, the hypersecretion of saliva can also be the manifestation of a seizure.

Dog Drooling – Possible Causes of Pseudoptyalism

We speak of pseudoptyalism when the dog does not excessively secrete saliva, but when he cannot swallow it, which forces him to regurgitate it.
This abnormal salivary flow may be due to stomatitis, gingivitis, pharyngitis, glossitis, dental pain, myositis, neurological disorder, Aujeszky’s disease or rabies.

drooling bulldog

What to do in case of dog drooling?

Any unusual salivation should warrant a consultation with the veterinarian. In other words, if you find that your dog drools more than normal, it means that there have been changes somewhere. And you need to make sure that this change doesn’t make your pet uncomfortable, or harm their health.

Before going to the vet, however, you can check yourself if your dog does not have an object stuck in his mouth, has no pus in his oral cavity, does not have a swollen belly or a broken tooth… which could explain the excess saliva.

Otherwise, the veterinarian will carry out the necessary examinations to determine where the problem comes from.

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